Employment of children, Employment of women, labor laws in pakistan, Labour laws in Pakistan, M.J. Hussain, Old-age employees’ benefits, United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, workers’ safety
Pakistan is a signatory to The International Labour Organization (ILO) Conventions. However, employment laws – and their implementation – have a long way to go in terms of ensuring wage parity and safe working conditions, as well providing improved compensation packages.
The four areas that warrant immediate attention include:
Employment of children. The Employment of Children Act took effect in 1991 which prohibited under-age children from being employed or performing functions considered hazardous. However, factories continue to employ young children at low wages, with no health and safety provisions in place. A focus on implementing the recommendations of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) to improve these working conditions is needed urgently.
Employment of women. There is a dearth of legal protection governing women’s employment rights. They are mostly involved in low-wage/low-productivity occupations and the wage differentials between genders is a chronic problem. A specific law on equal pay, a revision of the Maternity Benefits Ordinance (making employers responsible for payment of maternity leave wages) and an active implementation of The Protection Against Harassment of Women at the Workplace Act, promulgated in 2010, is required. Continue reading