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The Ebola outbreak in West Africa, which has caused 4,493 reported deaths so far, is posing a serious threat to the rest of the world, including Pakistan, due to the frequent movement of people from the affected countries to other parts of the world.
Although its host is unidentified, animals, including bats and apes, are believed to be the prime carriers of the virus. Therefore, contact with such animals or with people who have been infected (through contact with broken skin or bodily fluids, including blood, urine, saliva and sweat) are the two ways in which the virus can be transmitted. The disease is difficult, if not impossible, to cure, which is why wearing protective gear and disposing of used syringes properly is mandatory when treating Ebola patients. Continue reading